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Canadian workforce is more educated and sitting in traffic longer than ever before: 2016 census

Canadian workforce is more educated and sitting in traffic longer than ever before: 2016 census
From CBC - November 29, 2017

A majority of Canadians now have a post-secondary degree, more seniors are working full time, and commuters are travelling farther and for a longer period of time than ever before, according to Statistics Canada data released Wednesday.

The final tranche of data to be released from the 2016 census shows that 54 per cent of Canadians between ages 25 and 64 have a post-secondary education, up from 48.3 per cent in 2006the highest level among industrialized nations.

There was significant growth in the number of young women with at least a bachelor's degree, jumping nearly eight percentage points to 40.7 per cent over the last decade. Among young men, the highest growth came from those with an apprenticeship certificate, increasing to 7.8 per cent from 4.9 per cent.

"Young men have responded to the employment opportunities and earnings incentives in the trades," says John Zhao at Statistics Canada. "The fastest growth in earnings has been for men in these sectors."

The share of women with an apprenticeship certificate remained relatively stable over the last 10 years.

While more young women than men have a bachelor's degreewhich has been the case since the 1990syoung women are now also more likely to have a doctorate, particularly in education, the social sciences, health, the arts and communication technology.

Men with doctorates still outnumber women, however, in the fields of architecture, engineering, mathematics, information technology and the life sciences, according to the census figures.

Men in the science, technology, engineering and mathematics fields earned 23.9 per cent more than those with a degree in the business, humanities, health, arts, social science and education fields. The disparity was less pronounced among women.

The census found that graduates in nursing, engineering, education and information technology were more likely to work in their fields of study, while those with an arts, humanities, or social sciences degree were more likely to work in jobs in which they were overqualified.

The numbers also show that a majority of new immigrants have at least a bachelor's degree, while just under a third of refugees increase their education levels after arriving in Canada.

More seniors, fewer youth in the workforce

Canadians commuting more by public transit

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